Tirthankar- An introduction

Tirthankar- An introduction

In Jainism, Tirthankaras are human beings who have destroyed all their Ghati(destructive) karmas and become leaders and spiritual role models for those seeking salvation. They are entirely free of desires, passions and dwell exclusively within their soul. Due to their high degree of purity and spiritual advancement, they have unlimited powers which they use solely for the spiritual upliftment of mankind. At the end of their life span the Tirthankar becomes a Siddha ending the cycles of birth and death. Time or Kaal is beginningless and endless according to Jain philosophy. In each half cycle of time, 24 Tirthankaras are born. Thus in every time cycle 48 Tirthankaras are born in two batches of 24. The previous lives of Tirthankars were usually royalty as recorded in Jain tradition and their clan was usually recorded in legendary Hindu history.

 

There were 24 Tirthankaras who established the fourfold Sangha order consisting of monks, nuns, laymen and laywomen, namely Sadhus, Sadhvi, Shravak, Shravika respectively.

They were-

1.   Rishabha

2.   Ajitnath

3.   Sambhavanath

4.   Abhinandanath

5.   Sumatinath

6.   Padmaprabh

7.   Suparshvanath

8.   Chandraprabhu

9.   Pushpadanta or Suvidhina

10. Sheetalnath

11. Shreyansanath

12. Vasupujya

13. Vimalnath

14. Ananthnath

15. Dharmanath

16. Shantinath

17. Kunthunath

18 Aranath

19. Mallinath

20. Munisuvrata

21. Nami Natha

22. Neminath

23. Parshvanath

24. Mahavir

Major Events of Tirthankaras celebrated

1.   Chyavana Kalyanak-When the Tirthankar’s soul is conceived in the mother’s womb.

2.   Janma Kalyanak- When the Tirthankar’s soul is born.

3.   Diksha Kalyanak- When the Tirthankar’s soul gives up worldly possessions and becomes a monk

4.  Kevaljnana Kalyanak-when the Tirthankar’s soul destroys the four ghati karmas and attains Kevaljnana or Absolute knowledge and delivers the first sermon.

5.   Nirvana Kalyanak-When the Tirthankar’s soul is liberated and he becomes a Siddha or liberated soul.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bhagavan Rishabhdeva(Adinath)1


Symbol – Bull

Father Nabhi Raja
Mother Mata Marudevi
Clan Name Ikshvaku
Source of Descent Sarvarthsiddha
Date of Descent (Garbha Kalyanaka) Ashad krishna paksha 4
Place of Birth Vinittanagri
Date of Birth (Janma Kalyanaka) Chaitra Krishna
Nakshatra Uttrashadha
Age 84 Lac Purva
Height 500 dhanusha (poles)
Body Colour Golden
Place of Enlightenment Purimtal
Date of Enlightenment (Kevala Gyana Kalyanaka) Falgun Krishna Paksha 11
Date of Diksha (Diksha Kalyanaka) Chaitra Krishna Paksha 8
Diksha Tree or Vat Vriksha Vata (Banyan)
First person to donate food Shreyans Kumar
Place of Nirvana Ashtapad Mount
Date of Nirvana (Moksha Kalyanaka) Magh Krishna Paksha 13
Period of Practices 1,000 years
Chief Disciple (Ganadhar) Pundarik
Number of Disciples (Ganadhars) 84
Number of Ascetics 84 Thousand
Head of Female Ascetics Brahmi
Number of Female Ascetics 3 Lac
Male Laity 3.5 Lac
Female Laity 5.54 Lac
God of Organisation (Yaksh) Goumukh
Goddess of Organisation (Yakshini) Chakreshwari Devi

Some Temples Of Rishabhdeva In India

Shri Rishabhdev Digambar Jain Stishaya Kshetra, Udaipur, Rajasthan

Shri Rishabdev Jain Temple, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh

Rishabhdev Tapasthali Teerth, Prayag, Uttar Pradesh

Rishabhdev temple, Palitana, Gujarat

Rishabhdev(Adinath) Temple, Khajuraho, Madhya Pradesh

Adinath Jain Swethambara Temple, Chickpet, Bengaluru, Karnataka

Adinath Jain Temple, Najafgarh, Delhi

Bhagavan Ajitnath 2


Symbol – Elephant

Father Jitshatru
Mother Vijayasena
Clan Name Ikshvaku
Source of Descent Vijaya
Date of Descent (Garbha Kalayanaka) Jyeshtha Krishna Paksha 30
Place of Birth Ayodhya
Date of Birth (Janma Kalyanaka) Magh Shukla Paksha 10
Age 72 Lac purva
Height 450 dhanusha (poles)
Body Colour Golden
Date of Diksha (Diksha Kalyanaka) Magh Shukla Paksha 10
Diksha Tree or Vat Vriksha Shala(Shorea robusta)
Place of Enlightenment Ayodhya
Date of Enlightenment (Kevala Gyana Kalyanaka) Paush Shukla Paksha 11
Place of Nirvana Sammed Shikharji
Date of Nirvana (Moksha Kalyanaka) Chaitra Shukla Paksha 5
Chief Disciple (Ganadhar) Shimahasena
Head of Female Ascetics Phalgu
God of Organisation (Yaksha) Mahayaksha
Goddess of Organisation (Yakshini) Ajitbala or Rohini
Heaven Vijayavimana

 

Some Temples Of Ajitnath in India

Shri Ajitnath Jain Temple, Mehsana, Gujarat

Shri Ajitnath Jain Temple, Palanpur, Gujarat

Shri Ajitnath Jain Temple, Nagarathpet, Bengaluru, Karnataka

Shri Ajitnath Jain Temple, Malad, Mumbai, Maharashtra

Shri Ajitnath Jain Temple, Ghatkopar, Mumbai, Maharashtra

Shri Ajitnath Jain Temple, Ahmedabad, Gujarat

Bhagavan Sambhavnath 3


Symbol – Horse

Father Jitari
Mother Mata Sena
Clan Name Ikshvaku
Source of Descent Seventh Graiveyak
Date of Descent (Garbha Kalyanaka) Falgun Shukla Paksh 8
Place of Birth Shravasti
Date of Birth (Janma Kalyanaka) Mangsar Shukla Paksh 14
Age 60 Lac purva
Height 400 dhanusha (poles)
Body Colour Golden
Place of Enlightenment Savathi
Date of Enlightenment (Kevala Gyana Kalyanaka) Kartik Krishna Paksh 5
Date of Diksha (Diksha Kalyanaka) Mangsar Shukla Paksh 15
Diksha Tree or Vat Vriksha Prayala (Buchanania latifolia)
Place of Nirvana Sammed Shikharji
Date of Nirvana (Moksha Kalyanaka) Chaitra Shukla Paksh 5
Chief Disciple (Ganadhar) Charu
Head of Female Ascetics Syama
God of Organisation (Yaksh) Trimukha
Goddess of Organisation (Yakshini) Duritri or Prajnapti
Heaven Uvarimagraiveka

Some Temples of Sambhavnath in India

Shri Sambhavnath Jain Temple, Borivali, Mumbai, Maharashtra

Shri Sambhavnath Jain Temple, Vijayanagar, Bengaluru, Karnataka

Shri Sambhavnath Jain Temple, Vishweshwarapuram, Bengaluru, Karnataka

Shri Sambhavnath Jain Temple, Bhachau, Gujarat

Shri Sambhavnath Jain Temple, Azimganj, West Bengal

Bhagavan Abhinandannath 4


Symbol – Monkey

Father Shri Samvar Raja
Mother Mata Siddhartha
Clan Name Ikshvaku
Source of Descent Jayant
Date of Descent (Garbha Kalyanaka) Vaishakh Shukla Paksh 4
Place of Birth Vinita
Date of Birth (Janma Kalyanaka) Magh Shukla Paksh 2
Age 50 Lac purva
Height 350 dhanusha (poles)
Body Colour Golden
Place of Enlightenment Ayodhya
Date of Enlightenment (Kevala Gyana Kalyanaka) Paush Krishna Paksh 4
Date of Diksha (Diksha Kalyanaka) Magh Shukla Paksh 2
Diksha Tree or Vat Vriksha Priyangu (Panicum italicum)
Place of Nirvana Sammed Shikharji
Date of Nirvana (Moksha Kalyanaka) Vaishakh Shukla Paksh 8
Chief Disciple (Ganadhar) Vajranabha
Head of Female Ascetics Ajita
God of Organisation (Yaksh) Nayaka
Goddess of Organisation (Yakshini) Vajrasrinkhala
Heaven Jayantavimana

 

Some Temples of Abhinandannath in India

Shri Abhinanndannath Digambar Jain Mandir, Shivpuri, Madhya Pradesh

Shri Abhinandannath Jain Temple, Lalitpur, Uttar Pradesh

Shri Abhinandannath Jain Temple, Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh

Shri Abhinandannath Jain Temple, Peddakurapadu, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh

Bhagavan Sumatinath 5

Bird

Father Shri Megharaja
Mother Mata Sumangala
Clan Name Ikshvaku
Source of Descent Jayant
Date of Descent (Garbha Kalyanaka) Shravan Shukla Paksh 2
Place of Birth Vinita
Date of Birth (Janma Kalyanaka) Vaishakh Shukla Paksh 8
Age 40 Lac purva
Height 300 dhanusha (poles)
Body Colour Golden
Place of Enlightenment Ayodhya
Date of Enlightenment (Kevala Gyana Kalyanaka) Chaitra Krishna Paksh 11
Date of Diksha Vaishakh Shukla Paksh 9
Diksha Tree or Vat Vriksha Vaishakh Shukla Paksh 9
Place of Nirvana Sammed Shikharji
Date of Nirvana (Moksha Kalyanaka) Chaitra sukla. 11
Chief Disciple (Ganadhar) Charama
Head of Female Ascetics Kashyapi
God of Organisation (Yaksh) Tumburu
Goddess of Organisation (Yakshini) Mahakali
Heaven Jayantavimana
Period of Practices 20 Years
Number of Disciples 100
Number of Ascetics 3.2 Lac
Number of Female Ascetics 5.3 Lac
Male Laity 2.81 Lac
Female Laity 5.16 Lac

Some Temples of Sumatinath in India

Shri Sumatinath Jain Temple, Dahisar, Mumbai, Maharashtra

Shri Sumatinath Jain Temple, Mandya, Karnataka

Shri Sumatinath Shwetambar Jain Temple, Kinari Bazar, Delhi

Shri Sumatinath Jain Temple, Ahmedabad, Gujarat

Shri Sumatinath Jain Temple, Mannady, Chennai, Tamil Nadu

Shri Sumatinath Jain Temple, Bikaner, Rajasthan

Bhagavan Padmaprabh 6


Symbol – Lotus

Father Sri Sridharan
Mother Mata Sushima
Clan Name Ikshvaku
Source of Descent Ninth Graiveyak
Date of Descent (Garbha Kalyanaka) Magh Krishna Paksh 8
Place of Birth Kaushambi
Date of Birth (Janma Kalyanaka) Kartik Krishna Paksh 12
Age 30 Lac Purva
Height 250 dhanusha (poles)
Body Colour Red
Place of Enlightenment Kaushambi
Date of Enlightenment (Kevala Gyana Kalyanaka) Chaitra Shukla Paksh 15
Date of Diksha (Diksha Kalyanaka) Kartik Krishna Paksh 13
Diksha Tree or Vat Vriksha Chhatra
Place of Nirvana Sammed Shikharji
Date of Nirvana (Moksha Kalyanaka) Margshirsh Krishna Paksh 11
Chief Disciple (Ganadhar) Suvrat
Head of Female Ascetics Rati
God of Organisation (Yaksh) Kusum
Goddess of Organisation (Yakshini) Shyama
Heaven

Some Temples Of Padmaprabh In India

Shri Padmaprabh Digambar Jain Kshetra, Jaipur, Rajasthan

Shri Padmaprabh Jain Mandir, Bhinmal, Rajasthan

Shri Padmaprabh Digambar Jain Kshetra, Kaushambi, Uttar Pradesh

Bhagavan Suparshvanath 7


Symbol – Swastika

Father Sri Pratishtha
Mother Mata Pritvi
Clan Name Ikshvaku
Source of Descent Sixth Graiveyak
Date of Descent (Garbha Kalyanaka) Bhadrapad Krishna Paksh 8
Place of Birth Varanasi
Date of Birth (Janma Kalyanaka) Jyeshtha Shukla Paksh 12
Age 20 Lac Purva
Height 200 dhanusha (poles)
Body Colour Emerald
Place of Enlightenment Varanasi
Date of Enlightenment (Kevala Gyana Kalyanaka) Falgun Krishna Paksh 6
Date of Diksha (Diksha Kalyanaka) Jyeshtha Shukla Paksh 13
Diksha Tree or Vat Vriksha Sirisha
Place of Nirvana Sammed Shikharji
Date of Nirvana (Moksha Kalyanaka) Palgun Shukla Paksh 7
Chief Disciple (Ganadhar) Vidarbh
Head of Female Ascetics Soma
God of Organisation (Yaksh) Matang
Goddess of Organisation (Yakshini) Shanta
Heaven Madhyamagraiveka

 

Some temples of Suparshvanath in India

Shri Suparshvanath Jain Mandir, Gujarat, India

Shri Suparshvanath Jain Temple, Mandu,Dhar, Madhya Pradesh

Shri Suparshvanath Jain Mandir, Narlai Village, Rajasthan

Shri Suparshvanath Jain Temple, Udaipur, Rajasthan

Shri Suparshvanath Jain Mandir, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh

Bhagavan Chandraprabh 8


Symbol – Moon

Father Sri Mahsen
Mother Mata Laxmana
Clan Name Ikshvaku
Source of Descent Vijayant
Date of Descent (Garbha Kalyanaka) Chaitra Krishna Paksh 5
Place of Birth Chandrapuri
Date of Birth (Janma Kalyanaka) Paush Krishna Paksh 12
Age 10 Lac Purva
Height 150 dhanusha (poles)
Body Colour White
Place of Enlightenment Chandrapuri
Date of Enlightenment (Kevala Gyana Kalyanaka) Badhva Krishna Paksh 7
Date of Diksha (Diksha Kalyanaka) Paush Krishna Paksh 13
Diksha Tree or Vat Vriksha Naga
First person to donate food Somadatta
Period of Meditation 14 years
Place of Nirvana Sammed Shikharji
Date of Nirvana (Moksha Kalyanaka) Falgun Krishna Paksh 7
Chief Disciple (Ganadhar) Datta
Head of Female Ascetics Sumana
God of Organisation (Yaksh) Vijay
Goddess of Organisation (Yakshini) Bhrikuti
Heaven Vijayanta
No. of Muni 2,50,000
No. of Aryika 3,80,000
No. of Shravak 2,50,000
No. of Shravika 4,10,000

Some temples of Chandraprabh in India

Shri Chandraprabh Jain Temple, Chanderi, Madhya Pradesh

Shri Chandraprabh Jain Mandir, Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh

Shri Chandraprabh Jain Temple, Mint Street, Chennai, Tamil Nadu

Shri Chandraprabh Jain Mandir, Gandhinagar, Gujarat

Shri Chandraprabh Jain Temple, Kutch, Gujarat

Bhagavan Pushpadanta(Suvidhinatha) 9


Symbol – Crocodile

Father Sri Sugriv
Mother Mata Rama Devi
Clan Name Ikshvaku
Source of Descent Anat
Date of Descent (Garbha Kalyanaka) Falgun Krishna Paksh 9
Place of Birth Kakandi
Date of Birth (Janma Kalyanaka) Mangsar Krishna Paksh 5
Age 2 Lac Purva
Height 100 dhanusha (poles)
Body Colour White
Place of Enlightenment Kakandi
Date of Enlightenment (Kevala Gyana Kalyanaka) Kartik Shukla Paksh 3
Date of Diksha (Diksha Kalyanaka) Mangsar Krishna Paksh 6
Diksha Tree or Vat Vriksha Sali
Place of Nirvana Sammed Shikharji
Date of Nirvana (Moksha Kalyanaka) Kartik Krishna Paksh 9
First person to donate food Swami Pushpa
Period of Meditation 4 years
Chief Disciple (Ganadhar) Varahak
Head of Female Ascetics Varuni
God of Organisation (Yaksh) Ajit
Goddess of Organisation (Yakshini) Sutaraka
Heaven Anatadevaloka
No. of Muni 2,00,000
No. of Aryika 1,20,000
No. of Shravak 2,29,000
No. of Shravika 4,71,000

Some Temples of Pushpadanta in India

Shri Pushpadanta Jain mandir, Lodurva, Rajasthan

Shri Suvidhinatha Jain Temple, Gujarat

 

Bhagavan Sheetalnath 10

 

Kalpa-Vriksha

(Digambara)

Father Sri Dridhratha
Mother Mata Nanda
Clan Name Ikshvaku
Source of Descent Pranat
Date of Descent (Garbha Kalyanaka) Vaishakh Krishna Paksh 6
Place of Birth Bhaddilpur
Date of Birth (Janma Kalyanaka) Mangsar Krishna Paksh 12
Age 1 Lac Purva
Height 90 dhanusha (poles)
Body Colour Golden
Place of Enlightenment Bhaddilpur
Date of Enlightenment (Kevala Gyana Kalyanaka) Paush Krishna Paksh 14
Date of Diksha (Diksha Kalyanaka) Mangsar Krishna Paksh 12
Diksha Tree or Vat Vriksha Priyangu
Place of Nirvana Sammed Shikharji
Date of Nirvana (Moksha Kalyanaka) Vaishakh Krishna Paksh 2
First person to donate food Punarvasu
Period of Meditation 3 Years
Chief Disciple (Ganadhar) Anand
Head of Female Ascetics Suyasa
God of Organisation (Yaksh) Brahma
Goddess of Organisation (Yakshini) Ashoka
Heaven Achyutadevaloka
No. of Muni 1,00,000
No. of Aryika 1,06,000
No. of Shravak 2,89,000
No. of Shravika 4,58,000

Some Temples of Sheetalnath in India

Shri Sheetalnath Jain Temple, Purulia, West Bengal

Shri Sheetalnath Jain Mandir, Kolkata, West Bengal

Shri Sheetalnath Jain Temple, Jaisalmer, Rajasthan

Bhagavan  Shreyansnath 11


Symbol – Rhinoceros

Father Sri Vishnuji
Mother Mata Vishnu
Clan Name Ikshvaku
Source of Descent Achyut
Date of Descent (Garbha Kalyanaka) Jyeshtha Krishna Paksh 6
Place of Birth Simhapuri
Date of Birth (Janma Kalyanaka) Falgun Krishna Paksh 12
Age 84 Lac Years
Height 80 dhanusha (poles)
Body Colour Golden
Place of Enlightenment Simhapuri
Date of Enlightenment (Kevala Gyana Kalyanaka) Paush Krishna Paksh 15
Date of Diksha (Diksha Kalyanaka) Falgun Krishna Paksh 13
Diksha Tree or Vat Vriksha Tanduka
Place of Nirvana Sammed Shikharji
Date of Nirvana (Moksha Kalyanaka) Shravan Krishna Paksh 3
First person to donate food Nanda
Period of Meditation 2 Years
Chief Disciple (Ganadhar) Goshubh
Head of Female Ascetics Dharini
God of Organisation (Yaksh) Yaksharaj
Goddess of Organisation (Yakshini) Manavi
Heaven Achyutadevaloka
No. of Muni 8,40,000
No. of Aryika 1,03,000
No. of Shravak 2,79,000
No. of Shravika 4,48,000

Some Temples of Shreyansnath In India

Shri Shreyansnath Jain Temple, Sarnath, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh

Shri Shreyansnath Jain temple, Banswara, Rajasthan

Bhagavan Vasupujya 12


Symbol – Buffalo

Father Vasupujya
Mother Mata Jayadevi
Clan Name Ikshvaku
Place of Birth Champapuri
Source of Descent Pranatadevaloka
Date of Descent (Garbha Kalyanaka) Ashada Krishna 6
Date of Birth (Janma Kalyanaka) Falgun krishna 14
Age 7,200,000 years
Height 70 dhanusha (poles)
Body Colour Ruddy
Place of Enlightenment Champapuri
Date of Enlightenment (Kevala Gyana Kalyanaka) Pausha ku. 14
Date of Diksha (Diksha Kalyanaka) Falgun ku. 15
Diksha Tree or Vat Vriksha Patala (Bignonia suaveolens)
Place of Nirvana Champapuri
Date of Nirvana (Moksha Kalyanaka) Ashada su. 14
First person to donate food Saundara
Period of Meditation 1 Year
Chief Disciple (Ganadhar) Subhuma
Head of Female Ascetics Dharani
God of Organisation (Yaksh) Kumara
Goddess of Organisation (Yakshini) Chanda or Gandhari
Heaven Pranatadevaloka
No. of Muni 72,000
No. of Aryika 1,00,000
No. of Shravak 2,15,000
No. of Shravika 4,36,000

Some Temples of Vasupujya in India

Shri Vasupujya Jain Mandir, Mylapore, Chennai

Shri Vasupujya Swami Jain Temple, Jamnagar, Gujarat

Shri Vasupujya Mandir Giri Siddha Kshetra, Bounsi, Bihar

Shri Vasupujya Champpur Digambar Jain Siddha Kshetra, Nathnagar, Bhagalpur, Bihar

Shri Vasupujya Digambar Jain Atishaya Kshetra, Beed, Maharashtra

Bhagavan Vimalnath 13


Symbol – Wild Pig(Boar)

Father Kritavarman raja
Mother Mata Shyama
Clan Name Ikshvaku
Source of Descent Mahardhik
Date of Descent (Garbha Kalyanaka) Jyeshta Krishna 10
Place of Birth Kampilyapura
Date of Birth (Janma Kalyanaka) Magh su. 3
Age 6,000,000 years
Height 60 dhanusha (poles)
Body Colour Golden
Date of Enlightenment (Keval Gyan Kalyanaka) Paush su. 6
Date of Diksha (Diksha Kalyanaka) Magh su. 3
Diksha Tree or Vat Vriksha Jambu (Eugenia jambolana)
Place of Nirvana Sammed Shikharji
Date of Nirvana (Moksha Kalyanaka) Aashad ku. 7
First person to donate food Jayanrupa
Period of Meditation 3 Years
Chief Disciple (Ganadhar) Mandara
Head of Female Ascetics Dhara
God of Organisation (Yaksh) Shanmukha
Goddess of Organisation (Yakshini) Vidita
Heaven Mahasaradevaloka
No. of Muni 68,000
No. of Aryika 1,00,800
No. of Shravak 2,08,000
No. of Shravika 4,34,000

Some Temples of Vimalnath in India

Shri Vimalnath Bhagawan Jain teerth, Dhulia, Maharashtra

Shri Vimalnath Digambar Jain Temple, Kampil, Near Farrukhabad, Uttar Pradesh

Shri Vimalnath Jain Temple, Near Bhimavaram, Andhra Pradesh

Bhagavan Anantnath 14

Symbol –

  

Porcupine
(Digambara)
Falcon
(Swetambara
Father Simhasen
Mother Mata Suyasha
Clan Name Ikshvaku
Place of Birth Ayodhaya
Source of Descent Pushpottar
Date of Descent (Garbha Kalyanaka) Kartika Krishna 1
Date of Birth (Janma Kalyanaka) Baishak ku. 13
Age 3,000,000 years
Height 50 dhanusha (poles)
Body Colour Golden
Date of Enlightenment (Kevala Gyana Kalyanaka) Baishak ku. 14
Date of Diksha (Diksha Kalyanaka) Baishak ku. 14
Diksha Tree or Vat Vriksha Ashoka (Jonesia asoka)
Place of Nirvana Sammed Shikharji
Date of Nirvana (Moksha Kalyanaka) Chaitra su. 5
First person to donate food Vishakha
Period of Meditation 2 Years
Chief Disciple (Ganadhar) Jaya
Head of Female Ascetics Padma
God of Organisation (Yaksh) Patala
Goddess of Organisation (Yakshini) Ankusha or Anantamati
Heaven Pranatadevaloka
No. of Muni 66,000
No. of Aryika 62,000
No. of Shravak 2,06,000
No. of Shravika 4,14,000

Some temples of Anantnath in India

Shri Anantnath Digambar Jain Teerth Kshetra, Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh

Shri Anantnath Swami or the Puliyarmala Jain Temple, Wayanad, Kerala

Shri Anantnath Swami Jain Temple, Ghatkopar, Mumbai, Maharashtra

Bhagavan Dharmanath 15


Symbol – Vajra

Father Bhanuraja
Mother Mata Suvrata
Clan Name Ikshvaku
Place of Birth Ratnapur
Source of Descent Vijyanta
Date of Descent (Garbha Kalyanaka) Bhadrapadha Krishna 7
Date of Birth (Janma Kalyanaka) Magh su.3
Age 1,000,000 years
Height 45 dhanusha (poles)
Body Colour Golden
Date of Enlightenment (Kevala Gyana Kalyanaka) Paush su. 15
Date of Diksha (Diksha Kalyanaka) Magh su.13
Diksha Tree or Vat Vriksha Dadhiparna (Clitoria ternatea)
Place of Nirvana Sammed Shikharji
Date of Nirvana (Moksha Kalyanaka) Jayesth ku. 5
First person to donate food Dhanysena
Period of Meditation 1 Year
Chief Disciple (Ganadhar) Arishtasena
Head of Female Ascetics Arthasiva
God of Organisation (Yaksh) Kinnara
Goddess of Organisation (Yakshini) Kandarpa or Mansi
Heaven Vijayavimana
No. of Muni 64,000
No. of Aryika 64,000
No. of Shravak 2,40,000
No. of Shravika 4,13,000

Some temples of Dharmanath in India

Shri Dharmanath Jain Mandir, Mattancherry, Kochi, Kerala

Shri Dharmanath Jain Temple, Jambusar, Bharuch, Gujarat

Shri Dharmanath Jain Mandir, Kolkata, West Bengal

Shri Dharmanath Jain Temple, Ahmedabad, Gujarat

Bhagavan  Shantinath 16


Symbol – Deer

Father Vishwasena
Mother Mata Achira
Clan Name Ikshvaku
Place of Birth Gajapura or Hastinapuri
Source of Descent Sarvarthasiddha
Date of Descent (Garbha Kalyanaka) Bhadrapadha Krishna 7
Date of Birth (Janma Kalyanaka) Jayesth ku. 13
Age 100,000 years
Height 40 dhanusha (poles)
Body Colour Golden
Date of Enlightenment (Keval Gyana Kalyanaka) Paush su. 9
Date of Diksha (Diksha Kalyanaka) Jayesth ku. 14
Diksha Tree or Vat Vriksha Nandi (Cedrela toona)
Place of Nirvana Sammed Shikharji
Date of Nirvana (Moksha Kalyanaka) Jayesth ku. 13
First person to donate food Sumithraraja
Period of Meditation 1 Year
Chief Disciple (Ganadhar) Chakrayuddha
Head of Female Ascetics Suchi
God of Organisation (Yaksh) Garuda
Goddess of Organisation (Yakshini) Nirvani or Kimpurusha or Mahamanasi
Heaven Sarvarthasiddha
No. of Muni 62,000
No. of Aryika 61,600
No. of Shravak 2,90,000
No. of Shravika 3,93,000

Some Temples of Shantinath in India

Shri Shantinath Jain Temple, Khajuraho, Madhya Pradesh

Shri Shantinath Jain Mandir, Mount Abu, Rajasthan

Shri Shantinath Jain Temple, Gurgaon, Haryana

Shri Shantinath Digambar Jain Atishaya Kshetra, Shivpuri, Madhya Pradesh

Shri Shantinath Jain Mandir, Hastinapur, Uttar Pradesh

Shri Shantinath Jain Mandir, Bajrangarh, Juna, Madhya Pradesh

Bhagavan Kuntunath 17


Symbol – Goat

Father Surasen
Mother Mata Sridevi
Clan Name Ikshvaku
Place of Birth Hastinapur
Source of Descent Sarvarthasiddha
Date of Descent (Garbha Kalyanaka) Shravana Krishna 10
Date of Birth (Janma Kalyanaka) Vaishakh ku. 14
Age 95,000 years
Height 35 dhanusha (poles)
Body Colour Golden
Date of Enlightenment (Kevala Gyana Kalyanaka) Chaitra su. 5
Date of Diksha (Diksha Kalyanaka) Vaishakh ku. 5
Diksha Tree or Vat Vriksha Bhilaka
Place of Nirvana Sammed Shikharji
Date of Nirvana (Moksha Kalyanaka) Vaishakh su. 1
First person to donate food Dharmamitra
Period of Meditation 16 Years
Chief Disciple (Ganadhar) Samba
Head of Female Ascetics Damini
God of Organisation (Yaksh) Gandharva
Goddess of Organisation (Yakshini) Bala or Vijaya
Heaven Sarvarthasiddha
No. of Muni 60,000
No. of Aryika 60,600
No. of Shravak 1,79,000
No. of Shravika 3,81,000

Temples of Bhagavan Kunthunath in India

Shri Munigiri Teerth, Kanchipuram Tamil Nadu

Shri Hastinapur Teerth Kshetra, Hastinapur Uttar Pradesh

Dilwara Temples, Jaisalmer Rajasthan

Bhagavan Arahnath 18

Symbol –

   

Fish
(Digambara)
Nandavrata
(Swetambara)
Father Sudarshan
Mother Mitrasena Devi
Clan Name Ikshvaku
Source of Descent Graiveyak
Place of Birth Hastinapur or Gajapur
Date of Birth (Janma Kalyanaka) Margshirsh su. 10
Age 84,000 years
Height 30 dhanusha (poles)
Body Colour Golden
Date of Enlightenment (Keval Gyan Kalyanaka) Kartika su.12
Date of Diksha (Diksha Kalyanaka) Margshirsh su. 11
Diksha Tree or Vat Vriksha Amba (Mango)
Place of Nirvana Sammed Shikharji
Date of Nirvana (Moksha Kalyanaka) Margshirsh su. 10
Chief Disciple (Ganadhar) Kumbha
Head of Female Ascetics Rakshita
God of Organisation (Yaksh) Yaksheta or Kendra
Goddess of Organisation (Yakshini) Dhana or Ajita
Heaven Graiveyak

The temples of Bhagavan Arahnath in India

Jain temple, Bajrangarh, Guna Madhya Pradesh

Shri Hastinapur Teerth Kshetra, Hastinapur, Uttar Pradesh

Shri Digambar Jain Atishaya Kshetra Nemgiri Samsthan, Jintur, Parbhani Maharashtra

Shri 1008 Digambar Jain Atishaya Kshetra Navagarh, Nabai, Sojana Taluka, Lalitpur Uttar Pradesh

Bhagavan Mallinath 19


Symbol – Kalasha (Jar)

Father Kumbharaja
Mother Mata Prabhavati
Clan Name Ikshvaku
Place of Birth Mathura or Mithila
Garbha Kalyanaka Falgun Shukla 4
Date of Birth (Janma Kalyanaka) Margshirsh su. 11
Age 55,000 years
Height 25 dhanusha (poles)
Body Colour Blue
Date of Enlightenment (Keval Gyan Kalyanaka) Margshirsh su. 11
Date of Diksha (Diksha Kalyanaka) Margshirsh su. 11
Diksha Tree or Vat Vriksha Amba (Mango)
Place of Nirvana Sammed Shikharji
Date of Nirvana Margshirsh su. 10
Chief Disciple (Ganadhar) Kumbha
Head of Female Ascetics Rakshita
God of Organisation (Yaksh) Yaksheta or Kendra
Goddess of Organisation (Yakshini) Dhana or Ajita
Heaven Graiveyak

Temples of Mallinath in India

Mallinath Digambar Jain Temple, Hingoli, Maharashtra

Mallinath Jain temple, Girnar, Gujarat

Mallinath Jain Mandir, Junagadh, Gujarat

Mallinath Jain Tirth Kosbad Temple, Bordi, Maharashtra

Mallinath Jain Temple, Vile Parle, Mumbai, Maharashtra

Bhagavan Munisuvrata 20


Symbol – Tortoise

Father Sumitra Raja
Mother Mata Padmavati
Clan Name Hari Vansh
Source of Descent Pranat
Date of Descent (Garbha Kalyanaka) Shravana Krishna 3
Place of Birth Rajgriha
Date of Birth (Janma Kalyanaka) Vaishakha Krishna 10
Age 30,000 years
Height 20 dhanusha (poles)
Body Colour Black
Date of Enlightenment (Keval Gyan Kalyanaka) Falgun su.12
Date of Diksha (Diksha Kalyanaka) Falgun su.12
Diksha Tree or Vat Vriksha Champaka (Michelia champaka)
Place of Nirvana Sammed Shikharji
Date of Nirvana (Moksha Kalyanaka) Jayesth ku 9
First person to donate food Vrishabhasena
Period of Meditation 11 Months
Chief Disciple (Ganadhar) Malli
Head of Female Ascetics Pushpavati
God of Organisation (Yaksh) Varuna
Goddess of Organisation (Yakshini) Naradatta or Bahurupini
Heaven Aparajita-devaloka
No. of Muni 30,000
No. of Aryika 50,000
No. of Shravak 1,72,000
No. of Shravika 3,50,000

Temples of Bhagavan Munisuvrat in India

Shri Munisuvratswami Jain Teerth, Shrimali Pol, Bharuch Gujarat

Shri 1008 Munisuvrat Digambara Jain Atishaya Kshetra, Paithan, Aurangabad Maharashtra

Vipulachala Hill, Rajgiri, Nalanda Bihar

Munisuvratnath Shri Digambar Jain Atishaya Kshetra, Keshorai, Bundi Rajasthan

Bhagavan Naminath 21

Symbol-Blue Lotus

21st Tirthankara Naminath (श्रीनमिनाथ)

Name                  …………………….  Nami nath
Father’s Name  ……………………..Vijaya
Mother’s Name ……………………..Subhrda (Vipra)
Birth Place         ……………………..Mithala – puri
Birth Thithi        …………………….. Sharvan ku. 8
Diksha Thithi    …………………….  Aashadh su.9
Kevalgyan Thithi ………………… .Margshirsh su. 11
Naksharta         …………………….. Ashvini
Diksha Sathi     ……………………. 1000
Shadhak Jeevan  ………………. . 2,500 years
Age Lived         ……………………   10,000 years
Lakshan Sign  ……………………  .Neelkamal (Blue Lotus)
Neervan Place …………………..   Samed Shikar
Neervan Sathi  …………………. . .1000
Neervan Thithi …………………. . .Baishak ku. 10
Colour               ……………………   Golden

Temples of Bhagavan Naminath in India

Naminath Jain temple, Alibaug, Maharashtra

Naminath Jain Temple, Kailashnagar, Surat, Gujarat

Naminath Jain Temple, Juna Bazar, Karjan, Gujarat.

Naminath Jain Temple, Khandala, Maharashtra

Naminath Jinalaya Temple, Khajuraho, Madhya Pradesh

Bhagavan Neminath 22

Symbol-Conch

Name                  …………………………. Nemi Prabhu
Father’s Name  ……………………………Samudra Vijay
Mother’s Name ……………………………Shiva devi
Birth Place        …………………………….Sauryapur
Birth Thithi        …………………………. ..Sharvan ku. 5
Diksha Thithi    …………………………. . Sharvan ku. 6
Kevalgyan Thithi …………………….. …Ashwan ku 15.
Naksharta         …………………………. .  Chitra
Diksha Sathi     ………………………… .. 1000
Shadhak Jeevan ……………………..  ..700 years
Age Lived          ……………………….. . .1000 years
Lakshan Sign   ……………………….. . .Shankh  (Counch)
Neervan Place  ……………………….  . .Ujjaintgiri
Neervan Sathi   ……………………….     536
Neervan Thithi  ………………………..  .Aashadh su.8
Colour                 ………………………..   Blue

Temples of Bhagavan Neminath in India

Neminath temple, Girnar Hill, Junagadh, Gujarat

Neminath Jain Temple, Bateshwar, Agra, Uttar Pradesh

Neminath Jain Temple, Ranakpur, Rajasthan

Bhagavan Parshvanath 23

Symbol- Serpent

Bhagavan Parshvanath (श्रीपार्श्वनाथ)
Name                 …………………………..Parshva Nathji
Father’s Name ……………………………Asvasena
Mother’s Name ………………………… .Vama
Birth Place         ………………………… .Varanasi (Kasi)
Birth Thithi        ………………………… ..Paush ku. 10
Diksha Thithi   ………………………… ..Chaitra ku.4
Kevalgyan Thithi ……………………. ..Chaitra ku.4
Naksharta        ………………………… …Trivisakha
Diksha Sathi   …………………………. . 300
Shadhak Jeevan ……………………..  70 years
Age Lived         ……………………….. . .100 years
Lakshan Sign ………………………….   Nag (Serpent)
Neervan Place ………………………. .. Samed Shikar
Neervan Sathi ………………………..    33
Neervan Thithi ………………………..   Shravan su.8
Colour               ………………………..    Blue

Temples of Bhagavan Parshvanath In India

Godiji Parshvanath temple in Mumbai, Pune, Ahmedabad, Hyderabad, Guntur, Chitradurga etc.

Antariksh Parshvanath temple in Shirpur, Akola, Maharashtra

Parshvanath temple, Nakoda, Rajasthan

Ahichchatra Parshvanath Atishaya Teerth Kshetra Digambar Jain Mandir, Rampur, Uttar Pradesh

Parshvanath Jain temple , Khajuraho, Madhya Pradesh

Shankeshwar Parshvanath Jain temple, Patan, Gujarat, India

Ostra Parshvanath Jain temple, Jodhpur, Rajasthan

Bhagavan Mahavir 24

Symbol-lion

Name                …………………Mahavir
Father’s Name………………..Siddhartha
Mother’s Name……………… Trisala (Priyakarini)
Birth Place        ………………..Kundalpur
Birth Thithi        ……………….Chitra Sukla.13
Diksha Thithi    ………………..Marghshirsh ku. 10
Kevalgyan Thithi………….. ..Baishak ku.10
Naksharta         ………………..Hasthotar
Diksha Sathi     ……………. …Ekaki
Shadhak Jeevan ……….. ….42 years
Age Lived         ……………. … 72 years
Lakshan Sign  ……………. …..Lion
Neervan Place …………… …. .Pavapuri
Neervan Sathi ……………. …. .0
Neervan Thithi……………. ….. Kartik ku. 15
Colour               ………………… Golden Yellow

Some Temples of Bhagavan Mahavir in India

Digambar Jain Atishaya Kshetra Mahavir Mandir, Sawai Madhopur, Rajasthan

Dilwara Temple, Mount Abu, Rajasthan

Mahavir Temple, Karauli, Rajasthan

Mahavir Swamy Digambar Jain Temple, D.K.Lane, Bengaluru

Jain Mahavira Temple, Jodhpur, Rajasthan

Mahavir Jain Temple, Pavapuri, Bihar

Mahavir Jain Mandir, Warangal, Andhra Pradesh

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