Borra Caves

Located in the east coast of India, the Borra caves are the largest naturally formed caves and are found in the Ananthagiri Hills in Arakku valley in the state of Andhra Pradesh. They are located 90 km north of Vishakapatnam. These caves are said to be 150 million years old. The deep caves have Karstic limestone structures and have irregularly shaped stalactites and stalagmites of various shapes. The River Gosthani which originates somewhere in the Caves flows through these formations causing these fascinating shapes attracting millions of tourists. The Caves are 200 m long and trains on the Eastern Coast pass through the track laid over the Caves. A great variety of fauna and flora, rich micro organisms can be found in the area that is covered with semi-green deciduous forests.

Local legend has it that the caves themselves were discovered by a cowherd who came there searching for his missing cow. The cow grazing on the top of the caves was supposed to have fallen through a hole in the roof. The cowherd discovered a stone which bore resemblance to a shivalinga and reasoned that it was Lord Shiva who had protected the unfortunate cow. The villagers who heard the incident reverentially built a small temple for Lord Shiva outside the Caves. This too has become a much-visited landmark in the area now.

Published On: 02-06-2015