Magh Purnima or Magha Pournami, additionally remembered as Maha Maghi, is entirety of the propitious Purnima celebrations according to the Hindu calendar. Aforementioned is the complete moon prime in the period of Magh (mid-January to Mid-February of the Gregorian calendar). Abundant moons (Purnimas) and dissimilar moons (Amavasyas) have particular consequence in the Hindu mythology. The period of Magh is estimated to be sanctioned because at the convocation of this period the sun begins on its boreal route. Magh Purnima further indicates the termination of Magha period in North India. Accordingly, the day of the full-moon falling in this month is extremely honored by enthusiasts.
This time is reverenced in numerous ways beyond the country. This is a very propitious bathing day and is of the equivalent importance as that of karthik purnima. Maghi Purnima is honored as a ‘bathing festival’ beyond the country.
Several personages commemorate fast and do donation on this day. People contribute to meals, habits, money to the poor. Offerings are extended to ancestors on that day subsequent exerting a bath in the rivers. Formerly Brahmans are supported and proffered “Daan-Dakshina” according to one’s potential. Lord Vishnu is venerated on this day after soaking. Like all different purnima celebrations, Satyanarayana Vratham is commemorated on this day. In unusual situations, Goddess Parvati Devi and Bruhaspati (Guru) are revered on Maha Maghi day.
It is supposed a spiritual bath in holy Ganga is extremely commendable on this day. It is concluded that bathing in the consecrated river Ganges absolves oneself from unrighteousness and therefore gravels the process towards liberation. Thousands of travelers tour Prayag (Allahabad) to exert a plunge at the sacred Triveni Sangam -the convergence of the divine rivers Ganges, Yamuna and the mythological river Saraswati. Each time Magh mela is directed at Sangam in Allahabad throughout the aforementioned period.
Grand celebrations relish site near the shores of the divine rivers like Ganga, Yamuna, Sarayu, Narmada, Tapti, Kaveri, Krishna, Godavari, etc. Exerting a spiritual immersion on this day in Kumbakonam, Kanyakumari, and Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu and Pushkar Lake in Rajasthan is likewise contemplated to be exceptionally commendable.
This commemoration additionally has distinguished importance for the Buddhists. It is at the moment that Gautama Buddha revealed his near death. Various clerical ceremonies are received at the viharas, where recommendations are sustained to the Buddha. The day’s inventory originated with the hoisting of the divine flags atop all monasteries by sunrise and chanting of the divine quatrains from the Tripitaka.
On the complete moon day of Magh, the chariot celebration is observed at Madurai in Tamilnadu which is renowned for the Meenakshi Temple. A divine vessel, the Mariamman Teppakulam Sarovar is ascertained near Madurai. On this time the remarkably enhanced the memories of Meenakshi and Lord Sundareshwara are ascended on floats and are exerted to this Sarovar or tank accompaniment by music and devotional songs. Magh Purnima appears to be the birthday of King Tirumala Nayak who developed Mariamman Teppakulam which is a few kms to the east of Madurai.
Kalpvaas in the Moon of Magh
There is a folklore of assembling on the border of Sangam at Prayagraj each year in the period of Magh and filling the month by washing in the Triveni each day before dawn. Enthusiasts donate the excess of their day by preparing enterprises as per their disposition & inclination such as commemorating Vrat (religious ceremonies of moderation), advising to Vedas & Puranas, chorusing psalms, rhymes, harmonizing religious songs and providing to the Sages and destitute. This way of employing the month of Magh is called Kalpvaas. It is assumed that one who goes within a Kalpvaas receives innumerable spiritual benefits and yet the beings of his/her predecessors remain in a tranquil position in the afterworld. The Purnima (Full Moon) of the Shukla Paksha (Waxing Period of Moon) in the period of Magh is recognized as Maghi Purnima. The day further signifies the completion of the month-long stretch of self-discipline of Kalpvaas.
Theological Importance of Maghi Purnima
As per the ‘Brahm Vaivart Puran’ on the instant of Maghi Purnima, Lord Shree Hari (Vishnu) himself resides in the river Ganga. This is why washing in or alike encountering the sacred springs of river Ganga on this day, one perceives innumerable heavenly benefits that produce auspiciousness in time. It is assumed that on this time also the Gods appear in disguise and relish a plunge in river Ganga, consequently several religious manuals emphasize against the importance of Maghi Purnima. A spirit who immerses in river Ganga on the day receives all his/her aspirations accomplished and succeeds in self-realization and becomes liberated from the untamed period of birth & death. As mentioned before the victorious conclusion of the month-long self-discipline in the figure of Kalpavaas additionally appears on this day. All Kalpavaasis (people complying Kalpavaas) support Sages and Brahmins on Maghi Purnima following completing the ‘Aarti’ (devotion) of Mother Ganga. They further appeal to Mother Ganga for inviting them repeatedly on the bank of Triveni. It is likewise stated that by washing in river Ganga on Maghi Purnima one gain aid from infirmities and by bestowing Sesame and Blankets to the destitute in this day, one receives reassurance from conforming to the ‘Narka Loka’ (Hell) permanently.
Way to enlightenment
Hence, continued on the day of the full moon in the Bengali period of Magh, remembering the day on which Gautam Buddha proclaimed his imminent death. It is assumed that there was an aftershock as forthwith as he declared this situation. It is concluded that the earth was convulsed this way when Buddha was born when he underwent enlightenment, and while he relinquished incessantly. Buddha’s statements addressed his disciples mourning. He showed them, ‘Death is unavoidable, so it is not customary to mourn above it. You should follow a belief with faith; particularly then will you overcome anguish by traversing over this life of birth, confinement, disease, and death’. In additional advice, the consequence of this day is to uncover internal concentration and receive potential to overwhelm all grieving.
The day has extraordinary importance for the methodical and communicative spirit of Buddhists. There are methodical rituals at the viharas, where devotions are replied to the Buddha and expiations earned to the bhiksus. Exhibitions are arranged at Buddhist communities of Bangladesh, primarily in the Buddhist settlements and viharas of the Chittagong realm, so as, the mela of Buda Gonsai of Thegorepuni community (Patiya), Parinirban mela of Binajuri village (Raozan), Buddha mela of Lathichari village (Raozan), Shakyamuni mela of Abdullahpur village (Hathazari) and Aryamitra Mahaparinirban mela (Raozan).