Marriage Paddathis and Prayogas-The present form

Popular rites in Indian Scriptures

Indian rituals are one of the most ancient rituals, running down the contemporary era as crucial customs and practices. Many of these rituals are therefore not properly documented.

During the earlier period,the scriptures were anxious to record only Vedic rituals and did not givea proper place to other purely popular rites and customs. Later on, the priests were forced by circumstances to recognize the latter as well.

Popular Vs. Vedic rites

The Paddhatis and the Prayogas on the marriage ceremonies, that are more practical than the ancient scriptures, incorporated many new elements under the auspices of the Samskaras. Remember, these popular rites called Paddhatis and Prayogas are those the origins of which are not properly traced and are rather inherited from earlier generations.

In different parts of India, different Paddhatis and Prayogas are followed. Consequently, the marriage ceremonies also differ in different localities. But religious and social conservatism is so strong in India that the main outlines of the Samskaras are continued from the Vedic period down to the present time, and their general features are universal throughout the country.

Lists of Paddhatis and Prayogas (popular rites)

Generally speaking, the following procedure is adopted in the Paddathis and the Prayogas:

Mandalika                   Gadadhara

1.      Vagdana

1.      Vagdana

2.      Mandapakarana

2.      Mrdaharana

3.      Punyaha-vachana       

3.      Haridralapana

4.      Varagamana

4.      Mandapa-nirmana

5.      Madhuparka

5.      Ganapati-pujana

6.      Vistaradana    

6.      Samkalpa

7.      Gaurihara-puja

7.      Nandi-Sraddha

8.      KanyadaniyaJalasuddhi

8.      Vara-Varana

9.      Kanyadana

9.      Ghati-Sthapana

10.  Aksataropana

10.  Varagamana

11.  Kankarana-Bandhana

11.  Nirajana

12.  Ardraksataropana      

12.  Madhuparka

13.  Tilakakarana

13.  Vara-puja

14.  Astaphalidana

14.  Agnisthapana

15.  Mangalasutrabandhana        

15.  Vastra-paridhapana

16.  Ganapatipujana

16.  Samanjana

17.  Vadhuvaryoruttariya- Prantabandhana

17.  Gotrochchara

18.  Aksataropana

18.  Kanyadana

19.  Laksmi-Parvati-Sachipujana

19.  Pratigrahana

20.  Vapanadana

20.  Samiksana

21.  Vivaha-Homa

21.  Agni-Pradaksina

22.  Saptapadi

22.  VaivahikaHoma

23.  Grhapravesa-Homa

23.  Laja-Homa

24.  Arnidanam

24.  Panigrahana

25.  SvasurayaKanyarpana

25.  Asmarohana

26.  Devakotthapanam and Mandapodvasa

26.  Gathagana

27.  Grhapravesa

27.  SesaLaja-Homa with Parikrama

28.  Saptapadi

28.  Saptapadi

29.  Abhisinchana

29.  Abhisinchana

30.  Suryavalokana

30.  Suryavalokana

31.  Hrdaya-sparsa

31.  Hrdaya-sparsa

32.  Abhimantrana

32.  Abhimantrana

33.  Sindura-dana

33.  Sindura-dana

34.  Sitting on a bull-skin

34.  Sitting on a bull-skin

35.  Daksina to Acharya

35.  Daksina to Acharya

36.  Dhruva-darsana

36.  Dhruva-darsana

37.  Triratra-Vrata

37.  Triratra-Vrata

38.  Devakotthapana and Mandapodvasana

38.  Devakotthapana and Mandapodvasana

39.  Vadhupravesa

39.  Vadhupravesa

40.  Chaturthikarma          

40.  Chaturthikarma

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