Ratha Saptami or Rathasapthami is a Hindu festival that falls on the seventh day (Saptami) in the sparkling moiety (Shukla Paksha) of the Hindu month Maagha. It is emblematical expressed to as the Sun God Surya transforming his Ratha (Chariot) represented by seven warhorses (speaking to seven hues) towards the northerly half of the earth, in a northeasterly aspect. It furthermore indicates the enlightenment of Surya and thus honored as Surya Jayanti (the Sun-god’s birthday).
Ratha Saptami is symbolic of the variation in the period of spring and the begin of the conference season. For most utmost Indian agronomists, it is a promising derivation of the New Year. The ceremony is seen by all Hindus in their houses and in infinite sanctums assigned to Surya, transversely over India.
Sun worship is thoroughly entrenched in the Vedas of the Hindu mythology and its artifact furthermore recognizes with a few fables of the world, for example, that of China, Egypt, and Mesopotamia. The Gayatri Mantra jap – the inviolable Vedic compliments to Savitr (Sun god) – is described by the Hindus consistently with unimaginable worship. As the Puranic Hinduism amplified, the love of the Sun was developed.
In the Rig Veda Mandala 10/Hymn 85, the sun god’s woman of the hour settled on a chariot towed by two warhorses is particularized. This symbolism is consequently essential to both Norse traditions and Vedic chronicle.
Spiritual essentialnessRatha Saptami is emblematically pronounced to as the Sun God Surya turns his Ratha (Chariot) described by seven quadrupeds, with Aruṇa as the charioteer, towards the north side of the tropics, in a north-easterly passage. The symbolic centrality of the ratha and the seven stallions managed until it is that it addresses to the seven revenants of the rainbow. The seven stallions are furthermore supposed to articulate to the seven days of seven days commencing with Sunday, the day of Sun god Surya. The chariot possesses 12 wheels, which converses to the 12 signs (each of 30 degrees) of the Zodiac (360 degrees) and legislating an intact year, named Samvatsara. The Sun’s own special residence is Leo (Simha) and he submits beginning with one dwelling then onto the subsequent consistently and the whole cycle takes 365 days to conclude. The Ratha Saptami festival surveys for the solicitous flamboyant extent of energy and light from the Sun God.
Ratha Saptami additionally indicates the consecutive supplement in temperature across over South India and forecasts the arriving of spring, which is later blazoned by the triumph of Ugadi or the Hindu lunar New Year day in the time of Chaitra.
Ratha Saptami additionally indicates the awakening of Surya to scientist Kashyapa and his more conventional half Aditi and hence consecrated as Surya Jayanti (the Sun-god’s birthday). A saga is characterized by the Kamboj realm’s King Yashovarma, an important ruler who had no successor to safeguard his territory. On his sole prayers to God, he was sanctified with a child. The lord’s promises did not end with this, as his child was critically unwell. A humble person who traveled to the lord advised that his child ought to strike out the Ratha Saptami pooja (venerate) with devotion to free of his antecedent atrocities. Once the King’s child skipped out this, his well being was restored and he established his kingdom great. It is additionally stated that perceptive Bhisma breathed his terminal gasp fourth behind a long course on ekaadashi .
There are Surya sanctums the whole way crosswise India, where Ratha Sapthami is profoundly honored. In any circumstance, the most acclaimed one is the World Heritage Site of the Konarak Sun Temple, in Konark, Orissa. Other than Konark, there is different sun temple in Orissa, the Biranchi Narayan Temple (Biranchi khetra) in Buguda, Ganjam District. There are sun sanctums in Modhera, Gujarat, created by ruler Bhimdev of the Chaulukya line, in Arasavalli, Andhra Pradesh and in clusters of Navagraha sanctuaries in Tamil Nadu and Assam. The Sun Temple at Martand (Jammu and Kashmir) and the Sun Temple of Multan are sanctums, which were triturated amid Muslim oppositions earlier.
God Vishnu in his configuration as Surya (the Sun-God) is typically worshiped on this day. For the largest part, Rathasapthami commences in families with a decontamination washing (washing is furthermore done in a stream or ocean) by carrying a few Ekka (Calotropis Gigantea) leaves on their head while removing and rambling a stanza which should request the benevolence of the Lord in all that one experiences between whatever is transmitted of the year. Argyam or (Tharpanam) (water accommodated in the palms) is proposed to the Sun God on this day while droning melodies are presented to the Sun God. It furthermore incorporates performing puja with the procedure Naivedhya (provender submitting to God), and atonement of blooms and essential merchandises. Penetrating requests proposed to the Sun god on the event are the Adityahridayam, Gayathri, Suryashtakam, Surya Sahasram namam. The preferred time for the pooja is inside one ampere-hour following sunrise. In accommodations like Mysore and Melkote, magnificent ostentations conduct the Surya Mandala – the figure of Surya.
Covering Ratha sapthami a one-day Brahmotsavam is contained in Tirumala. On this day, the directing god of Lord Malayappa Swamy beside his divine companions Sridevi and Bhudevi is practiced to ostentation in Thiru Mada trails in Tirumala. The gods have in a joyful parade around the Thiru mada highways encompassing the blessed Shrine of Balaji on seven distinct vahanams (sapthami=seven). Due to this speculation, the day of RathaSapthami is denominated as “Scaled down Brahmotsavam” in Tirumala. The day commences with ‘Surya prabha vahanam’ at around 5.30 am fresh morning, pursued by Chinna Sesha Vahanam at 9 am, Garuda Vahanam by 11 am, Hanuman Vahanam by 1 pm, Chakrasananam by 2 pm, Kalpavriksha Vahanam by 4 pm, Sarvabhoopala Vahanam by 6 pm sequentially. The day is terminated with the Chandra Prabha Vahanam at 8 pm. Master Venkateshwara disposition courtesy supporters for about 1 hour in each Vahanam (from the begin time), in the Thiru Mada Veedhis of Tirumala Tirupati.
What should we do?
Essentially the lord is the Sun-god himself we should awake by beginning in the morning before dawn, wash and donate eradication to the Lord. Women set rangoli with a description of Sun God with 7 horses in a chariot in the appearance of their houses. Eurkkam Leaf (Arka Leaf) is another significant character in this day. The married women will enhance the holy shower by planting 7 erukkam leaves on their body simultaneously with a squeeze of turmeric and pacharisi (Raw rice) on the roof of the leaf. One leaf is deposited on the head, two on the shoulders, two on the knees and two at the foot while having a shower. Men will relish a shower with only erukkam leaves and rice without turmeric.
Significance of Worshipping Suryanarayana in the Scriptures
Numerous mortals pray Surya because he is called as “Aarogya and Aishwarya Datha” (provider of health and wealth). Surya is invoked first in the morning while refreshing sunrays rise. It is considered and confirmed that disclosure to fresh sunrays reinvigorate energy, and clarify the mind and body. That’s why several Hindus do suryanamaskaras (12 postures of prostrating to Surya) early morning when sun rays are pristine. Scientifically it is also suggested that there are numerous advantages of acquiring exposure to the initial morning sun.
Sthotras and devotions
Vedas presented us with sthothras like Aditya Hridayam, Surya Ashtakam, Surya Shathakam, etc. and interpreting them will induce a lot of privileges to people in courses of health, wealth and accomplishment. In Taittareeya Aaranyakam there is Aruna Prashna which is one of the most convincing chanting’s incorporated with invocating to Surya. In fact, sage Agasthya persuaded Lord Rama to praise Surya to overcome the war facing Ravana. Sage Agasthya delivers Lord Rama Aditya Hridayam upadesha (pedagogy) ere the war commenced.