Starting from the first house, the twelve sectors in the sky are measured and these are called Bhavas or Houses. Based on the time and location of an event, a Bhava is marked as per earth’s rotation on its axis. Each House or Bhava reflects a specific area of life.
|1st||Thanu (Body)||Personal Self, personal behavior|
|2nd||Dhana (Wealth) or Kutumbha (Family)||Accumulated money/wealth, food, speech|
|3rd||Sahaja (Brothers)||Younger siblings, artistic expression, communication, courage|
|4th||Matru (Mother) or Vidya (Knowledge)||Mother, happiness, vehicles, fixed assets/real estate|
|5th||Putra (Children)||Romance/love from spouse, speculation, meditation techniques, intelligence|
|6th||Ripu (Enemies) or Roga (Disease)||Acute disease, struggle, war, opposition, service|
|8th||Ayu (Life)||Longevity, transcendental knowledge, unearned wealth, secrets, chronic illness|
|9th||Dharma (Right Action) or Pitru (Father)||God, philosophy, Guru, religion, fortune, relation with father|
|10th||Karma (Action)||Career, Father’s position|
|11th||Labha (Gain)||Cash flow, opportunities, hopes, friends, influential people older sibling|
|12th||Moksha (Enlightenment) or Vraya (Loss)||Enlightenment, expenditures/losses, pleasures from spouse, confinement|
Special House Positions
Equal House System: The 360 degrees of 12 houses are divided into 30 degrees each. Every two hours the spoke wheel rotates around the horizon line taking full 24 hours to rotate across 12 houses. 90 degree is marked at cusp of the 10th house.
Bhava Chalita or Bhava Chart (Sri Pati system): Though each house is distributed into a span of 30 degrees, the latitude or width of all houses vary depending on how far or closer a person is born from the equator.
Karaka Planets For Each House Lagna: Sun; 2nd: Jupiter; 3rd: Mars; 4th: Moon and Mercury; 5th: Jupiter; 6th: Saturn and Mars; 7th: Venus; 8th: Saturn; 9th: Sun and Jupiter; 10th: Jupiter, Sun, Mercury and Saturn; 11th: Jupiter; 12th: Saturn
Saumya or Benefic Houses: Kendra or Angles (1, 4, 7, and 10), Trikona or Trines (5, 9). It should be noted that the 2nd House is semi-benefic; the ruler of the house is maraka which is malefic or death-inflicting planet. The 11th House is considered moderate though its ruler is malefic, anyone who is a benefic of the house will be affected by its positive outcomes.
Krura or Malefic Houses: Malefic Houses are known for having unpleasant side effects. The 6th, 8th, and 12th Houses are Dushthanas or Triks. The 3rd, 6th, 10th and 11th Houses are known as Upachaya, in all these Houses one can come out of the malefic influences over a period of time.
Raises or Signs
Houses can locate positions of the planets from the earth on the sky which is divided into 12 equal locations. The twelve zodiac signs are based on earth’s revolution each denoting a specific genre of life. The Sun stays in the spoke of each sign for around a month thus in a year it covers all the 12 spokes. The zodiac signs with their respective attributes are as follows –
|Mesha or Aries||Courage, Energy||Tula or Libra||Balance, business, love of beauty,|
|Vrishabha or Taurus||Practicality, fixity, love of luxury||Vrishchika or Scorpio||Transcendental disposition, power, high desire nature, reproduction|
|Meena or Gemini||Duality, intellectual ability, change||Dhanus or Sagittarius||Just, high aiming, freedom loving,|
|Karka, Kartaka or Cancer||Mother, home, emotions||Makara or Capricorn||Success after time, business, serious, focus|
|Simha or Leo||Royalty, generosity, executive ability,||Kumbha or Aquarius||Unconventional, friendly, new ideas, philosophical|
|Kanya or Virgo||Precision, chaste behavior, documentation, service||Meena or Pisces||Education, liberation, knowledge|
It is indicative of attachment. The Lagna is measured with a specific location on earth as a focal point. At the time of birth, the zodiac sign which rises from the eastern horizon is the one which is known as Lagna. It corresponds with the 1st house in one’s horoscope and it is mainly used to determine the start of the event i.e. prasna or horary event. It is important for an astrologer to conceive the Vedic chart of the equal house convention. It bears the following points –
- Marks the ascendant’s point as the madhya (middle) bhava of the house or sign
- It adds 15 degrees to both sides
- Irrespective of the latitude shown in the chart, the houses fall in equal order
- Bhava Chalita or Bhava chart is developed for all those astrologers who align the divisions of the houses to variations led by latitudinal changes
Special Lagnas – Various types of the special Lagnas are Ghatika Lagna, Bhava Lagna, Atmakaraka Lagna, Vighatika Lagna, Upapada Lagna, Arudha Lagna, etc. Horary Astrology or Prasna Kundali, also known as Arudha Lagna is a type of prediction based on the sign rising during the time when a person raises a particular question to the astrologer. A special Parashara technique or Arudha Pada developed by Jaimini is a method to count the number of houses and the ruling planet moving forward from that particular house. The house being examined will be the arudha pada defining the destination sign or house.
A Waxing Moon
The Moon cycle which moves from the New Moon to the Full Moon is called Purnima and this waxing Moon which falls in the Shukla Paksha – the sub-cycle of the first 14 days of the month – is extremely benefic and strong. Around 72 degrees away from the New Moon position the moon starts getting stronger and more favorable. Thus, it slowly moves towards the Full Moon. It is quite known that the events that occur during the Full Moon period are more favorable than those which occur during the New Moon period.
A Waning Moon
The Moon cycle which moves from the Full Moon to the New Moon is called Amavasya and this waning Moon which falls in the Krishna Paksha – the sub-cycle of the first 14 days of the month – is extremely malefic and weak. Around 72 degrees away from the Full Moon position the moon starts getting weaker and less favorable. Thus, it slowly moves towards the New Moon and this weaken Moon is called Ksheena (emaciated). It is quite known that the events that occur during the New Moon period are less favorable than those which occur during the Full Moon period. The effect worsens when the Moon’s position is within the 24 degrees or less towards the Sun.
Nakshatras or Moon Signs
The 27 sub-systems of the Moon, based on the 12 marker segments of the 12 zodiac signs created by the Sun are called Nakshatras. Each Nakshatra has its unique interpretation. These are as follows –
1. Aswini- Arietus-Stars-3
2. Bharani- Arielisa Mus-3
3. Krithika- Tauri Alcyoni-5
4. Rohini- Taiur Aldeboran-5
5. Mrigsrlra- Orionis-8
6. Arudra- Orionis-1
7. Punarvasu- Gemini Polux-5
8. Pushyami- Cancri-3
9. Ashtesha- Hydrac-6
10. Makha- Leonis Regulas-5
11. and 12. Pubba and Uttara Leonis-4
13. Hasta- Cofvl-5
14. Chitra- Virginis Spica-1
16. Swathi- Bootis Arcturus-1
16. Vishaka- Librae-3
17. Anuradha- Scorpionis-3
18. Jyesta- Scoipionis-6
20. and 21. Purvashada and Uttarashada-Sagittari-4
22. Sravana- Aquilate-3
23. Dhanishta- Delphini-4
24. Sathabisha- Aquari- l00
25. Purvabh»dra- Pegasi-4
26. Uttarabhadra- Pegasi and Andromedae-4
27. Revathi- Pisclum-3
Janampatri or Janampatrika or Janamkundli is the birth chart of a person mainly as per the sidereal astrology based on the moon sign focusing on Nakshatra, Lagnas, etc. In Indian Jyotish system Janamkundli is the main chart based on which predictions about major opportunities and events in one’s life is made. The chart positioning starts from the eastern horizon, the time from which the Sun ascended on the time of the birth.
The 30 degree Janamkundli chart is subdivided into 15 extra formats. The strengths and weaknesses of the planets can be determined from this particular varga or divisional chart. The varga signs are either debilitated or exalted, friendly or adversary, etc.; and the positive or negative of the planet is based on this factor. The exact usage and judgment one should derive from a varga chart has not been mentioned. However, Karaka varga and Lagna of the varga both are important features to be considered while understanding a person’s Kundali. The vargas and their partitions into numbers are divided into a rashi chart in the following manner –
|Hora-wealth (2 parts);||Drekkana-Siblings (3 parts);||Chaturthamsa, also Turyamsa & Padamsa –Fate & Fortune (4 parts);||Panchamsa-Spirituality (5 parts);||Shastamsa, also Shrashtamsa- disease & discord (6 parts);|
|Saptamsa-children & grandchildren (7 parts);||Ashtamsa- Longevity (8 parts);||Navamsa-subtleties of the birth chart, also partners (9 parts);||Dasamsa- life purpose (10 parts);||Ekadasamsa also Rudramsa & Labhamsa- unearned income (11 parts);|
|Dwadasamsa – Parents (12 parts);||Shodasamsa, also Kalamsa-vehicles & general prosperity (16 parts);||Vimshamsa- blessing from spiritual activities (20 parts);||Chaturvimshamsa, also Siddhamsa-acheivements from education (24 parts);||Saptvimshamsa, also Bhamsa & Nakshatramsa- general strength or weakness (27 parts);|
|Trimsamsa- arishtha or general misfortunes (30);||Khavedamsa, also Chatvarimshamsa-general favorable or unfavorable effects (40);||Akshvedamsa- general proper conduct and favorable or unfavorable influences (45 parts);||Shashitamsa-general favorable or unfavorable effects (60 parts)
By dividing 30 degree rasi into nine sections, Navamsa is derived. Here ‘Nava’ means ‘nine’ and ‘amsa’ means sections. It is one of the Shodasa vargas, each of 3 and 1/3rd degree each. A natural 12 zodiac sign orders are allocated to these Navamsas. To cover all the 12 signs in the 9 sections, the cycle is repeated. It is also said that this chart is beneficial in Kundali matching as it reflects important aspects of one’s personality. Navamsa forms a clear picture in front an astrologer and helps him understand the positive or negative effects of different planets.
Bhutas or Elements
Four major elements determine behavior and psychology of a person as maintained by our ancient astrologers. These four elements are –
|Tejas or Fire||Aries, Leo, Sagittarius||fiery, innovative, energetic|
|Bhoomi or Earth||Taurus, Virgo, Capricorn||stable, conservative, practical|
|Vayu or Air||Gemini, Libra, Aquarius||Mental currents, artist, intellectual|
|Apas or Water||Cancer, Scorpio, Pisces||fluid emotions, sympathetic, intuitive|
Qualities or Modalities
On the basis of qualities, personalities are divided into 3 types and these are defined as follows –
|Chara Rasi or Movable||Aries, Cancer, Libra, Capricorn||changeable, innovative, travel, active|
|Sthira or Fixed||Taurus, Leo, Scorpio, Aquarius||stable, non-changing, conservative|
|Dwiswabhava, Ubhaya or Dual||Gemini, Virgo, Sagittarius, Pisces||qualities of both changeable and stable, adaptive, fickle, flexible|
Gochara or Planetary transits
It helps in predicting the actual position of the planets in the sky at a particular period and this is generally referred in the birth chart. Gochara or Planetary transits are counted from the Chandra Lagna i.e. from the base point of the moon’s house position.
Based on the yearly progression in position of the Sun and is similar to a Natal chart. The subtle aspects of Dinavarsha Paddhati are considered here considering 1 degree = 1 year. This is similar to the concept of western system as applied on Tajaka system, Sayana chart, etc.
Janma Nakshatra or Birth Star
Janma Nakshatra is used to determine the starting point of the Dasas and thus it determines situations and helps making important judgments in initiating certain actions. Janma Nakshatra is the main ruler of the Moon’s Nakshatra.
Dasa or Planetary Periods
Each planet exerts special influence on one’s life. Determining the planetary positions on one’s birth chart at certain point of time and on specific intervals reveals many important facts about the person’s life. Each person is governed by his planetary positions where each planet bears special qualities, strengths and attributes. Specific timing of a planet during the time of one’s birth helps predicting onset of various events and other opportunities occurring over different time phase in his/her life. Not all ancient astrological texts or shastras elaborate specifically on Dasa Systems. Based on the Science of Astrology, Dasa Systems are basically based on the calculation considering Moon or Lagna whichever is stronger during that particular period.
Ududasa is another name of Vimshottari Dasa where ‘Vim’ is ‘20’ and ‘Shati’ is ‘100’. The Moon’s position always indicates that one’s first dasa as calculated in the formulae is always shorter. For Vimshottari Dasa the time span in terms of years is as follows –
|Sunday||Krittika, U. phalguni, Uttarashada||6 years|
|Moon||Rohini, Hasta, Shravana||10 years|
|Mars||Mrigshira, Chitra, Dhanistha||7 years|
|Rahu||Ardra, Swati, Satbhisha||18 years|
|Jupiter||Punarvasu, Vishakha, P. bhadrapada||16 years|
|Saturn||Pushya, Anuradha, U. bhadrapada||19 years|
|Mercury||Ashlesha, jyestha, Revati||17 years|
|Ketu||Magha, Mool, Ashwin||7 years|
|Venus||P. phalugni, Purva Ashada, Bharani||20 years|
The ruling planet of the native is determined by the Moon’s constellation during the time of the birth. The planet keeps on ruling for the fraction of the constellation after which other planets follow in a cyclic order.
Bhuktis: The subdivision and further division of Dasa is Bhuktis. Here, planetary periods are calculated as 1/9th of the dasa cycle.
Antardasa: It is a sub-sub Dasa period where Bhukti is divided by 1/9th to derive an Antaradasa.
Sukshma: It is derived by dividing Antardasa by 1/9th cycle.
Pranadasa: It is derived by dividing Sukshma by 1/9th cycle.
Other Nakshatra Dasa Systems
There are various other Nakshatra Dasa systems such as Panchottari (105), Sashtidpani (60), Ashtottari (108) and Shatirimsati (36). Other important Nakshatra Dasa systems are Kalachakra Dasa, Yogini Dasa, Varnadi Dasa, Ashtakavarga Dasa or Pinda Amsha, Nisargika, Sandhya panchaka Dasa, Sudarshana chakra, Chara Dasa, Tanvadi Dasa, Yogindra Dasa, Tara Dasa, Sandhya Dasa, Panchaswara Dasa, and Sthira Dasa.
Seven grahas (planets) along with one lagna are collectively known as Ashtakavarga in which ‘Ashtaka’ is ‘8’ and ‘varga’ means division. It is needed in transit interpretation and is extremely important for assessing strength and weaknesses of grahas and bhavas (houses). It also implies natal reading and astrologers generally do away with Rahu and Ketu in the calculation of Ashatakavarga.
Here, each sign is assigned a bindu in the chart as Sarvashatakavarga is the collective value of Ashatakavarga of all the seven planets. The sign total falling under 20 = valuable, 20-25 = good, 25-30 = very good, and over 30 = most favorable. The planet position is considered either by birth or transit.
Muhurtha or Electional Astrology
Muhurtha Astrology, also known as Electional Astrology, helps one select auspicious day for starting and ending auspicious activities. Electional Astrology is based on suitable combination of ‘tithis’, ‘yogas’ and ‘nakshatras’. Auspicious dates of marriages or any other activities can be determined by finding star ruling or ‘nakshatra’. In addition to this, it also points out days of losses, gains, prosperity, fear and happiness relevant to and associated with us.
It is said that Jaimini was an ardent disciple of Parashara and he further expounded the theories set by his guru. However, there are certain discrepancies in the ideology of both these astrologers, for instance in the usage of karakas Jaimini’s method doesn’t match with that of the Parashari system. In Parashari astrology, each house’s karakas are fixed. However, in Jaimini astrology, longitude of each planet is considered to determine karakas of each house or factor in the chart.
An example will throw clear light on the picture. Jaimini considers the planet with the highest longitudinal degrees, irrespective of its sign, as the atmakaraka for that particular chart. In Parashara astrology only Sun is considered as atmakaraka or ‘soul-indicator’, while in Jaimini astrology any planet can fall into this category. However, modern day astrologers consider both Jaimini and Parashari techniques while determining atmakaraka or ‘soul-indicator’.
Jaimini Karakas – Jaimini Karakas are the planet of highest degrees. The rank wise mention of these planets is as follows –
|Karaka||Significant Role||House or Factor Indications|
|Atmakaraka||The ascendant Lord or the Sun||the native, 1st house matters; indicator of the essence of the person|
|Amatyakaraka||The 10th house factors||indicates ups and downs in career|
|Bhratrukaraka||The 3rd house Lord or Mars||indicating siblings and other 3rd house affairs|
|Matrukaraka||The 4th house Lord or Moon||indicating the mother or other 4th house affairs|
|Putrakaraka||The 5th house Lord or Jupiter||indicating children or other 5thhouse affairs|
|Gnatikaraka||The 6th house Lord||indicating diseases or other 6thhouse affairs|
|Darakaraka||The 7th house lord or Venus||indicating relationships
Atmakaraka is definitely regarded as of prime importance and the strength of the whole horoscope depends on the relative strength and weakness of the Atmakaraka. Additionally, if Atmakaraka is in a Amatyakaraka Kendra it is considered auspicious and it could be conjunct, square or opposed to. Now this system is considered more flexible than the Parashari karakas. Hence, this variable karaka system forms the major difference between Parashari astrology and Jaimini astrology.
Jaimini Karakas – The second major difference between Jaimini astrology and Parashari astrology is the way their aspects are determined. In Parashari astrology, planets determine the aspects. An aspect is cast by the planet exactly on the seventh house from it. Saturn, Mars, and Jupiter are the three planets that cast special aspects. In Jaimini astrology, the signs determine aspects in the following manner –
|Each Movable sign||aspects all Fixed signs||except for the sign which is adjacent to it|
|Each Fixed sign||aspects all Movable signs||except for the sign which is adjacent to it|
|Each Dual sign||aspects all other Dual signs|
The Western astrology, it is described in this manner –
- the Movable (Cardinal) and Fixed signs – each cast sextile –in conjunct, and a trine;
- the Dual (Mutable) signs – all cast squares and oppositions.
The aspect cast by each sign of the zodiac is described in the following list –
|Aries:||Leo, Scorpio, Aquarius|
|Taurus:||Cancer, Libra, Capricorn|
|Gemini:||Virgo, Sagittarius, Pisces|
|Cancer:||Scorpio, Aquarius, Taurus|
|Leo:||Libra, Capricorn, Aries|
|Virgo:||Sagittarius, Pisces, Gemini|
|Libra:||Aquarius, Taurus, Leo|
|Scorpio:||Capricorn, Aries, Cancer|
|Sagittarius:||Pisces, Gemini, Virgo|
|Capricorn:||Taurus, Leo, Scorpio|
|Aquarius:||Aries, Cancer, Libra|
|Pisces:||Gemini, Virgo, Sagittarius|
A particular sign also holds the planetary aspects located within that sign. The point where it differs heavily from the Parashari astrology is that the aspects between the signs are mutual.
Parashara planets + aspects = raja yogas
Jaimini karakas + Jaimini aspects = Jaimini raja yogas
Thus, Jaimini astrology can replace Parashari astrology or else it can be set as its own separate system because it is a highly creative and flexible system.
Jaimini Chara Dasa – It is a sign-based dasa system for defining factor. Again, it differs from Parashari system where the planets determine the dasa sequence.
William R. Levacy © 2001